Mayor Dan Jarvis said the devolved money of £42 million will help more people back into work and give people better access to re-training in new sectors.
He added the devolved resources would enable 30,000 people to upskill by 2041.
The adult education budget funds provision in further education colleges, council training providers, independent training firms and voluntary, third sector and community organisations.
It will also support both employed and unemployed residents, aiming for them to acquire the skills they need to move into or progress in a job, a traineeship, an apprenticeship or further learning.
South Yorkshire mayor Dan Jarvis, said: “This marks another step in South Yorkshire taking control of its future and shaping its destiny.
“Skills and adult education are critical to building a bigger and better economy for our region – giving people the opportunity they need to prosper and helping businesses grow.
“Our wider skills strategy plans mean there will…